British Mandate of Israel – OOPS! – Palestine

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2 responses

  1. Anabel says:

    Another history lesson, sorry.

    Why has the name ‘Arab’ become a generic descriptor, after all the ‘Palestinians’ certainly fail to be truthful about their homelands of origin.

    The (1831-1840) conquest, by Egypt’s Mohammed Ali (born in Mecedonia) resulted in a flow of Egyptian and Sudanese migrants settling empty spaces between Gaza and Tul-Karem up to the Hula Valley. They followed in the footsteps of thousands of Egyptian draft dodgers, who fled Egypt before 1831 and settled in Acre. The British traveler, H.B. Tristram, identified, in his 1865 The Land of Israel: a journal of travels in Palestine , Egyptian migrants in the Beit-Shean Valley, Acre, Hadera, Netanya and Jaffa.The armies of Mohammed Ali were comprised of Eqyptian Mamluks, Ottoman Georgians, and Albanian mercenaries.

    In 1917, the Arabs of Jaffa represented at least 25 nationalities, including Persians, Afghanis, Hindus and Balochis. Hundreds of Egyptian families settled in Ara’ Arara’, Kafer Qassem, Taiyiba and Qalansawa. In 1908, Yemenite migrants settled in Jaffa, and Arabs from Syria’s Huran proliferated in the ports of Haifa and Jaffa.

    Ibrahim Pasha, son of Mohhamad Ali, Palestine’s Egyptian conqueror, conducted campaigns into Syria and left behind him permanent colonies of Egyptian immigrants at Beisan, Nablus, Irbid, Acre and Jaffa. Some 500 Egyptian soldiers’ families established a new quarter in Jaffa, and that was only one among countless similar situations. Together with the resettlement of Jews, which dates from 1830, Jaffa began to grow. In another area, the Muslims of Safed are mostly descended from Moorish settlers and from Kurds. Much of the Muslim population that remained in the country was transient, as observed in 1918 by the Arab leader, Sharif Hussein. “In 1878, groups of Circassians (Caucasians), Algerians, Egyptians, Druses, Turks, Kurds, Bosnians and others came into Palestine. At least 25% of the 141,000 Muslims [in the whole of Palestine in 1882] were newcomers or descendants of those who arrived after the 1831 Egyptian conquest. In 1858, James Finn, the British Consul General in Jerusalem, reported that ‘Mohammedans of Jerusalem’ were scarcely exceeding one quarter of the whole population.”

    The various peoples who constituted the Mamluks have a suprising variety of nationalities. Their history, especially in the Levant, is worth exploring.

    The Arabian Qaisi, and Yamani tribes migrated into Nablus from Jordan in the 17th century, although the Syrian branch claims to have settled in the 12th century.

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